Giraffes

Giraffe with kid

Habitat

Giraffes live in Savannah areas in Africa. Mostly Central, Eastern and Southern Africa. Where there are dense forests, open plains, tall trees in very arid lands. Places that  are very hot. There are about 97k individual giraffes living in the wild and some in zoos around the world, not just in Africa.

Diet

Giraffes are herbivores, that means they don’t eat meat and instead they mostly eat leaves and shoots. They have a long tongue for reaching tall trees for food. Giraffes spend most of their time eating. They also eat seeds, fruits, buds and twigs. They can go without drinking for weeks because of the juice from plants they eat.

Appearance

Giraffes have tan brown colored spots surrounded by white. They are the tallest land animals and can be from 16-18ft. tall. They have a long neck and long legs. When they are walking they step with two feet at a time on one side. They can gallop up to 35 miles per hour.

Birth & Growth

Giraffes have babies at 4-5 years old. Giraffes carry the babies for 15 months. The newborn giraffes are about 6 feet tall. A baby giraffes is called calf. The calf weighs around 130 – 150 pounds when born.

Polar Bears

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Habitat

Polar bears live in places like Alaska, Canada, Denmark, and Norway. There are around 25,000- 40,000 polar bears in the world. Countries that these polar bears live in have banned hunting animals for their skin or fur, but it still happens. Humans are the only predators to the polar bears.

Diet

Polar bears mostly eat seals because there aren’t many other animals in that area. Seals have a lot of Vitamin A in their bodies, so it’s good for the polar bears. When polar bears hunt, they hide under a seal’s home. When the seals come back the polar bear will bite the seal’s neck.

Appearance

A male will grow 10ft. and will weigh around 1,400lbs. Female polar bears on the other hand, are a lot smaller. Females are around 7ft. and 650 lbs. Polar bears live for around 25 years. Their fur is very oily and water repellent. Underneath their fur is black to attract sun, and keep the polar bear warm. They have a 4 inch layer of fat also to keep them warm. Polar bears have slightly webbed feet to hep them swim.

Birth and Growth

When polar bears have babies they are normally around 4-5 years old. They have 2 cubs, in a cave. Polar babies are much smaller than human babies. Polar bear babies weigh a little more than a pound, and about the size of a squirrel.

 

Red Panda

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Habitat

They live in the mountains of Nepal and northern Burma. They also live in central China. They spend most of their lives in trees and even sleep there.

Appearance

Red Pandas are slightly larger than the domestic cat. They have a bear like body with thick russet fur. The belly and the arms and legs are black. They have white markings on the side of their head and above their eyes. In winter they use their bushy tail to warm them.

Diet

Red Pandas eat grasses, roots, fruit, acorns, berries, blossoms, bamboo leaves, leaves of other plants and bird eggs. Bamboo is a major part of their diet.

Birth and growth

They have 2 cubs on average. The panda cubs reach adult size after 12 months. Adult Red Pandas weigh 8 to 13 pounds. The cubs weigh 4 to 4.6 oz. They are completely covered in fur when born.

 

Lion Facts

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Habitat

Lions live in Asia and southern and eastern Africa mostly. Lions also live in dry hills. They sleep in trees sometimes when it’s very hot. They are also found in south Sahara desert.

Appearance

They have light yellow-brown coats. Male lions have thick brown or black manes. Their manes protect them while fighting. It prevents the claws and teeth of another lion from getting in. They are 4 feet tall and 5 to 8 feet long. They weigh 330 to 500 pounds. Their top speed is 50 miles per hour.

Diet

Lions feed on wildebeest, impala, zebra, giraffe, buffalo and wild hogs. Sometimes they eat rhinos and hippos. They also eat hares, birds and reptiles. If food is scarce, they are known to eat elephants.

Birth and Growth

The litter size is 3 to 4 cubs. Cubs don’t have a mane when born. The cubs begin hunting at 11 months, and they stay with their mothers for 2 years. They are vulnerable to predators such as leopards, hyenas and black-backed jackals.

 

 

Trumpeter Swan

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Habitat

Trumpeter Swans live in ponds, lakes, and large rivers by coastal bay. They prefer fresh water more than salt water. The trumpeter swan is very endangered. The scientific name is “Cygnus Buccinator”. Trumpeter Swans gather at sites near open water.

Appearance

Trumpeter swans weigh over 26 pounds. Their wingspan is 79 .9 inches. Adult Trumpeter Swans are entirely white with a black bill and black legs. Babies are gray-brown and are small and very furry. Heavy bodies and long necks.

Diet

Trumpeter Swans mostly eat leaves, seeds and many types of pond weeds. Also, they eat corn and grains such as bread, like most birds. Trumpeter swans are mostly vegetarian and they sometimes eat small fish and fish eggs. In the winter they eat cranberries and blueberries.

Birth and Growth

They lay 4 to 6 eggs at a time. The eggs are incubated for 32 to 37 days. The egg looks creamy to dull white. After hatching eyes are partially open, and are covered in gray and occasionally white down. They leave the nest within 24 hours of hatching and have the ability to swim.

 

Margay Cat

  Margaykat_Leopardus_wiedii

 

Habitat

Margay cats live in Northern Mexico to Uruguay. They also live in northern Argentina. They spend most of their time in trees and hardly ever come down to the ground.

Appearance

The Margay’s eyes are very large and shine brightly at night. The Margay cats coat is brownish-yellow with black spots, stripes and blotches. The belly, chest, throat, chin and the insides of the legs are snowy white. An average Margay cat weighs 9 to 11 pounds.

Diet

They mimic the sounds of monkeys. They eat climbing rats, squirrels, opossums, small monkeys and sloths. They also eat tree frogs, lizards and birds. Occasionally they will eat insects, grasses and sometimes even fruit.

Birth and Growth

Mostly there is only one kitten but very rarely there could be two. The kitten weighs 85 to 170 grams at birth.

 

Cheetah Facts

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Habitat

Cheetahs live where it’s hot. They live mostly in Africa and Asia. Very few of the cheetahs live in Iran. Cheetahs sleep in high trees so that no predators try to hurt them. Cheetahs are nocturnal, “nocturnal” means sometimes they sleep in the day and they hunt at night. So only sometimes they sleep in trees.

Diet

Cheetahs feed mostly on Antelope, Springbok, Steenbok, and Gazelle. When cheetahs hunt, they put their belly to the ground, they walk slow and then pounce.They bite the throat first causing the animal to suffocate.

Appearance

Cheetahs are tan colored with black spots. Cheetahs nostrils are bigger so after running they can breathe easier. They have a slender slick body to help them do fast sharp turns. Cheetahs are the fastest land animal in world.

Birth and Growth

Females have three to five babies at a time. When having babies, the female cheetah stays alone somewhere where there are no predators. The babies are called “cubs”the cubs have some extra fur on their neck called a “patch”. A patch has many uses. First, when the cheetah carries the cub they hold it by the neck, and that extra fur protects the cub from hurting it. Second, it helps the cubs blend into the wild so no predators try to kill them.